How to Customize the Xfce Desktop
The Xfce desktop, despite it's lightweight footprint, allows a good deal of customization. In this article, we will look at the basic configuration of a new Xfce Panel as well as the Desktop wallpaper and icon fonts. The following screenshots are taken from the Xfce Desktop of Xubuntu 12.04 (-which uses Xfce version 4.8).
Xfce Panel Configuration is, in many ways, similar to that of LXDE and KDE. In this section we will examine how to customize an existing panel.
You can edit an Xfce Panel by right-clicking over it and choosing the Panel Preferences option:
A multi-tabbed dialogue box will open up. The default tab is labelled Display and allows you to alter things like the height/length of the panel and whether it is permanently visible or only appears when the mouse is moved over it:
The Appearance tab allows you to specify the background colour, opacity and behaviour on mouse over/mouse out:
The Items tab allows you to specify and edit the icons and shortcuts that will appear in the panel. From here you can add, delete and change the order of icons within the panel:
Double-click on an item to edit it- a new dialogue will open up, giving you access to high level configuration:
To add a new icon, click on the plus icon to display a scrollable list of applications. Select the desired application then click "Close":
The new application should now be listed in the Launcher:
If you double-click the launcher icon within this new dialogue, you will gain access to more detailed configuration parameters. Should you need to alter these, click the "Save" button to confirm the changes:
When you have configured the new Panel as desired, close any dialogue boxes via the Close button. You should now see any panel changes on the desktop:
You can edit an Xfce Panel by first right-clicking over it and choosing the Panel Preferences option:
From here, click on the plus icon to create a new panel:
You can delete an Xfce Panel by first right-clicking over it and choosing the Panel Preferences option:
From here, click on the icon to delete the panel.
Xfce also allows you to change the Desktop Background (-or Wallpaper) by right-clicking the Desktop and selecting the Desktop Settings.. option. A dialogue box will display:
The default Background tab allows you to select an image file to use for the wallpaper (-in the image above it is xubuntu-precise-right.png) and to specify how that image is to be displayed - for example, by specifying the type of image, background fill, brightness and colour saturation to be applied to the image.
The Menus tab allows you to customize the desktop menu behaviour - what displays on middle and right mouse-click and how entries are displayed (icons or text).
The Icons tab allows you to specify the font type and size used to label icons on the desktop:
Once your changes have been made - click the "Close" button to apply changes to the desktop: