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Installing the Fedora Linux O/S

The Fedora Installer

This section takes you step by step through the installation of Fedora linux. The images were taken from the Fedora 15 release (which was the latest release at time of writing). To start Fedora, you'll need to boot from the boot DVD or USB you created in the previous section.

..this gives you a chance to try out Fedora to see it you like it enough to want to install it

  1. Fedora will be booted into the Live System User screen: this gives you a chance to try out Fedora to see it you like it enough to want to install it:

    Live System User Desktop

  2. Once you are convinced that Fedora is for you, you can begin the installation by choosing the "Install to Hard Drive" icon from the list on the left hand side of the screen:

    Live User Install Icon

  3. The installer will run and ask for the keyboard layout you are using on this computer. Select your layout then click the "Next" button at the bottom right of the window:

    Choose Keyboard Layout

  4. Next, you are asked for the type of devices attached to the computer: for virtually all home computers, "Basic Storage Devices" (default) is the correct option, so select this then click the "Next" button:

    Choose Device Types

  5. Now enter the name that you want to refer to the computer: this is only used in the logon screen or if you have a home network. Once entered, click on the "Next" button to continue:

    Set Computer Name

  6. Select your timezone then click the "Next" button:

    Set Timezone

  7. Enter a password for the "root" user, confirm it and click the "Next" button:

    Set Root Password

  8. Fedora next asks you how you would like to install it. The options include letting Fedora overwrite any existing O/S, dual-booting with an existing O/S or manual configuration. We recommend you select the latter ("Create Custom Layout") and click the "Next" button:

    Create Filesystem Menu

  9. In a manual install, you'll need to select a free region on one of your discs for each of the partitions you wish to create. If you do not have any free space available, then select any existing partitions you no longer need and "Delete" them. Once you have selected the free area that you want to create the new partition on, click the "Create" button to continue:

    Select Free Partition

  10. Select the type of partition you want to create: for most users this will always be a "Standard Partition". Click the "Create" button to continue creating the partition:

    Select Partition Type

  11. Create the boot filesystem using the following options:

    • Mount Point: /boot
    • File System Type: ext4
    • Size: 100Mb
    • Additional Size Options: Fixed Size
    • Force to be a primary partition: Selected

    Configure /boot FS

  12. Create the root filesystem (/) using the following options:

    • Mount Point: /
    • File System Type: ext4
    • Size: (at least 2Gb, but should be bigger, as all apps will install here by default)
    • Additional Size Options: Fixed Size
    • Force to be a primary partition: Selected

    Configure / FS

  13. Create the Swap area using the following options:

    • Mount Point: N/A
    • File System Type: swap
    • Size: (same size as your RAM)
    • Additional Size Options: Fixed Size

    Configure swap FS

  14. Create the home filesystem using the following options:

    • Mount Point: /home
    • File System Type: ext4
    • Size: (fairly large, as this is where all user files will reside)
    • Additional Size Options: Fixed Size
    • Force to be a primary partition: Selected

    Configure /home FS

    Note: the figure used in the screenshot above is only 500Mb, which is normally not very realistic for a /home filesystem (-the featured build was using symbolic link technique to place the bulk of files elsewhere, hence it's tiny size). However, it is generally better to create a partition smaller than needed rather than larger, as Linux will allow you to extend a partition without losing data but it will not reduce it without you having to recreate the partition (-and data) again from scratch.

  15. If you wish to create any other partitions, then do that now, using the same process as above

  16. Once the above partitions have been created, the layout should look as follows:

    Final Drive Layout

  17. You will then be asked to confirm that you want to proceed with the changes. Up until now, nothing has been written to the discs and quitting at any time up to (and including) this point, will leave your PC exactly as it was prior to the install. If you are happy to continue, then click the "Write changes to Disk" button:

    Confirm Format

  18. Next, you'll be asked to configure the boot loader; normally the default is correct, so just accept this:

    Installation in Progress

  19. The installation will finally begin! A progress bar will be shown and it normally takes just a few minutes (-depending on how quick your drives are). Unlike the Ubuntu Installation, there are no fancy images that are displayed and, as a result, it is normally quicker:

    Installation Complete

  20. When the installation completes, the screen below will be displayed, prompting you to reboot:

    Live User Desktop

  21. In order to reboot, you'll first need to logout: do this by clicking on the "Live System User" menu in the top right of the screen and selecting "log Out.." :

    Logout Dialogue

  22. You'll need to confirm that you wish to logout, by clicking on the "Log Out" button:

    Confirm Logout

  23. Once logged out, click on the power icon in the top right of the screen and select the "Restart" option:

    Restart Option

  24. After the machine reboots, you'll see the setup wizard display. Click the "Forward" button (bottom right) to continue:

    Setup Wizard Welcome Page

  25. Review the licensing information, then click the "Forward" button:

    Setup Wizard: Set Date & Time

  26. Enter the details of the user that you wish to be the administrator account, then click the "Forward" button:

    Setup Wizard: create user

  27. Check or set the date/time, then click the "Forward" button:

    Setup Wizard: Licence Agreement

  28. Finally, you can elect to send your hardware profile for the Fedora development team, so they have a better idea of the target hardware they are developing for, then click the "Forward" button:

    Setup Wizard: Hardware Profile

  29. The setup wizard will then close and you be prompted to login (-using the account details you entered in step 26):

    Login Dialogue

  30. Once you logon, the default Fedora desktop will display, read for you to use!

    Final User Desktop


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