The Fedora Gnome Desktop
The current version of Fedora (20), uses Gnome 3 as it's default desktop. This is not dissimilar to the Ubuntu Unity desktop in look and operation.
The current version of Fedora .. uses Gnome 3 as it's default desktop..
In this section, we'll take a tour of the Gnome 3 desktop as supplied out of the box by Fedora. When you first boot Fedora, the desktop will look something like the screenshot below:
The default desktop consists of three main areas:
The Activities area (-the link in the top left corner of the screen)
The Menu bar (-the drop-down menus in the centre and right of the top line of the screen)
The Desktop (-the blue bit below these)
Note: you can view video tours of the Fedora Desktop in our Video Section
Placed in middle of the top line of screen is the shortcut to the Calendar and Appointments. Clicking on this gives you access to the calendar, allows you to browse or change date and time settings and to view or change your appointments
The Fedora menu bar consists of a group of icons to the right of the screen. This display will vary dependent on the current state of your system - for example, if you have your network disconnected, you will see an additional icon:
If you click on any of these icons, the same dialogue box will display:
From here you can:
Alter the Volume: clicking this allows you to check or configure the volume settings of your PC:
Clicking the drop-down to the right of the user display allows you to switch user or log off:
Clicking the "screwdriver/spanner" icon at the bottom left of the dialogue box, another pop-up will open displaying a number of different icons: this is the "All Settings" dialogue:
From here it is possible to set most things in Fedora, like network and accessibilty options
If you will be away from your computer for a while, click on on the "lock" icon at bottom middle of the dialogue box to lock the PC. A tap of the ENTER key will then allow to enter your password, upon your return, in order to continue
If you click on on the "power" icon in the bottom right of the dialogue box, you can select whether you wish to reboot or power off:
Note: there is normally no "pause" link displayed unless you hold down the "ALT" key: the "Power Off" option will then change to one representing pause (-two vertical lines), allowing you to passivate the PC without having to logout:
There are two main ways of invoking the Activities Area:
- Clicking on the "Activities" link in the top left of the desktop
- Clicking on the "Option" key (-aka the Windows key) on your keyboard
Once invoked, there are two main functions to choose from:
Favourites List: this is a quick launch bar listing icons of your favourite applications down the side. Left-click on any of these to start that application - or to switch to it's window, if it is already running:
Show Windows View: this is the default view and shows all the currently open windows and workspaces, allowing you to switch between them by clicking on the desired window (-or to close windows by clicking on the "x" icon in the top right corner of that window):
Show Applications View: this can be invoked by clicking on the icon at the bottom of the Favourites List:
This shows all the available applications installed on the computer and allows you to run them by double-clicking on their icon
In Fedora, the desktop is normally blank: it is merely an area within which your open windows and dialogues display. Unlike the Gnome 2.x desktop, you cannot add shortcuts - and mounted removable filesystems, such as CDs or USB memory sticks, do not create icons here (-they simply show up in the File Manager). About the only thing you can alter on the Desktop is the background (aka wallpaper in Ubuntu).
In Fedora, any system-generated alerts, messages or job completions are displayed in pop-up dialogues at the bottom of the screen:
For a general alert, click inside the dialogue to acknowledge it - and the pop-up will close.