Server Topic
   >  Why Create a Server?
   >  Wired or Wireless LAN?
   >  Configuring a Home LAN
   >  Downloading Ubuntu Server
   >  Creating an Install USB
   >  Installing Ubuntu Server
   >  Introduction to OpenSSH
   >  Installing OpenSSH
   >  Starting & Stopping OpenSSH
   >  OpenSSH Configuration
   >  Introduction to RAID
   >  Installing a RAID Software
   >  Creating RAID Partitions
   >  Creating the RAID Device
   >  Creating Logical Volumes
   >  Mounting Logical Volumes
   >  Auto Mounting RAID Arrays
   >  Testing a RAID1 Array
   >  Troubleshooting RAID1 Problems
   >  Introduction to NFS
   >  Configuring the NFS Server
   >  Configuring an NFS Client
   >  Troubleshooting NFS Problems
   >  Introduction to Samba
   >  Installing Samba
   >  Samba Daemons
   >  Configuring Samba
   >  Verifying Samba Config
   >  Adding Samba Users
   >  Mapping Client Users
   >  Windows Client Config
   >  Linux Client Config
   >  Troubleshooting Samba
   >  Introduction to Firewalls
   >  Listing Firewall Rules
   >  Changing Default Rules
   >  Changing Specific Rules
   >  Example Firewall Script
   >  Introduction to DLNA
   >  Using DLNA
   >  Installing MediaTomb
   >  Starting & Stopping MediaTomb
   >  Accessing the MediaTomb GUI
   >  Configuring MediaTomb
   >  Adding Content to MediaTomb
   >  Removing Content from MediaTomb
   >  Configuring Transcoding
   >  Debugging MediaTomb
   >  Introduction to Proxying
   >  Server Side Installation
   >  Server Side Configuration
   >  Configuring Proxy Clients
   >  Troubleshooting Proxy Problems
   >  Introduction to Webservers
   >  Installing the Webserver
   >  Controlling the Webserver
   >  Installing PHP Support
   >  Using PHP
   >  Installing mySQL Database
   >  Using mySQL
   >  Index of Sections


Why Create a Server?

What is a Server?

A Desktop is basically a general purpose machine, geared for running the activities of the one user sat in front of it, whereas a Server is typically a machine that users do not directly logon to, but which provides services or functionality to one or more Desktops on it's network.

The Difference between a Desktop and a Server

It's best to think of Desktop and Servers in terms of an analogy: Desktops are like a Handyman: they can do most jobs, but perhaps do not have the skills to do them as quickly or as well as a specialist in that area. Servers can be thought of more in terms of a Tradesman (-like a plasterer, carpenter, electrician, etc): they are dedicated to certain tasks and can do a faster, better job than the generalist Handyman.

Typically, we try to hive off functions common to all desktops on a network and instead put them on a dedicated Server, which will provide that functionality to it's Desktop clients. In this way, we free up resources on the Desktops, making them run quicker and more efficiently.

Some typical Server uses are:

Why Should I Create a Linux Server?

There are two main reasons for setting up a server within the home:

As a central repository for data shared by all clients:
For example, you may want to keep your photos, music, videos on a single machine that can be accessed from the other PCs, your web-enabled Tv(s), Blu-Ray player, etc

To free up resources on your client PCs:
If your clients are slow, due to having to run various services like firewalls or anti-virus, it's possible to configure a server to serve up these functions, so you can remove them from your client PCs

Once you have built your server, you need to start by installing the Operating System.

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